UNAMID TRANSITION FROM PEACEKEEPING TO PEACEBUILDING

NEW: SLF Data Mapping Platform just released https://bit.ly/32ltvSX

https://bit.ly/32ltvSX

In 2018, the Security Council (SCR 2429, 2018) directed UNAMID to draw-down its operations in Darfur, with a potential exit in June 2020[1]. Consequently, the Mission’s troop ceiling was reduced by 54 percent and its footprint reduced to the wider Jebel Marra.

The Council also directed UNAMID to work jointly with the UNCT to support a whole-of-system transition concept, known as the State Liaison Functions (SLFs) with the aim of providing sustainable solutions to the critical drivers of conflict as part of efforts to prevent a relapse into conflict.

The Mission is therefore implementing a two-pronged mandate i.e continuing with peacekeeping in Greater Jebel Marra where pockets of conflict exists and beginning to implement peacebuilding (through the SLFs) in Darfur States from which UNAMID has withdrawn. Transition is taking place along three different pathways i.e political/peace, security and programmatic/peace building.

 

 

 

 

What does the Peacekeeping mandate involve?

UNAMID support the protection of civilians; facilitate the delivery of humanitarian assistance and ensure the safety of humanitarian personnel; mediate between the Government of Sudan and non-signatory armed movements on the basis of the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur. On the latter, UNAMID is now providing support to the Transitional Government of Sudan (TGoS) peace negotiation process taking place in South Sudan.

UNAMID is providing peacekeeping[1] support in twelve team sites (TS). In South Darfur there are 4TS, North Darfur 6TM while Central Darfur has 2TS. These Areas of operation host IDPS namely in: Kalma (126,174 IDPs), Khor Abeche (28,405 IDPs), Menawashi (15,074 IDPs), Kass(76,000 IDPs), Sortony ( 21,533 IDPs), Saraf Umra (53,691 IDPs), Kutum (32,997 IDPs), Shangil Tobaya (41,698 IDPs), Kab’biya (87,722 IDPs), Tawilla (24,992 IDPs), Golo (1,824 IDPs) andNertiti (74,486 IDPs) respectively.

What does the peacebuilding mandate involve?

The peacebuilding mandate is about supporting the mediation of community conflict, including through measures to address its root causes.

In this regard, UNAMID is working with ten[2] (10) UN Agencies Funds and Programmes to implement programmatic activities under a framework known as the SLFs. The SLFs establish a link between peacekeeping and peacebuilding and contribute towards preventing a disruption of the peace continuum, especially in states where active conflict has ceased. It focuses the work of the UN to preserve and build upon peacekeeping gains and offers an opportunity for development partners to invest in Darfur’s development through a joint UN conflict analysis and planning.

How is the overall UNAMID transition managed?

Building on these experiences, UNAMID jointly with the UN country team in Sudan adopted a more pragmatic approach in the form of a joint transition action plan (JTAP)[3]. This action plan is broken down into five distinctive but related workstreams: political[4], security[5], programmatic[6], operational[7], and communication[8]. It is a management tool and outlines the body of work that will need to be carried out, responsible offices/sections as well as work to be carried forward post UNAMID’s departure from Darfur, etc.

A Joint Transition Cell (JTC) has been established which support UNAMID and the UNCT to spearhead and provide oversight on broad transition guided by the action plan. The JTC brings together UNAMID and the UNCT to ensure implementation of planned interventions under each workstream, including reporting on progress.

For more information, please contact the JTC at email address: unamid-joint-transition-cell@un.org  or the Office of the Deputy Joint Special Representative (ODJSR).

How is the UNAMID transition being monitored?

To guide and track SLF implementation, the UN State Liaison Functions Data Mapping provides a data dashboard and visualization tool on SLF impact. By supporting evidence-based decision-making and data-driven planning, the Mapping strengthens understanding of how SLF programming serves multiple geographical communities in Darfur and highlights the full range of implemented activities. It also tracks emerging hotspots, interlinkages, conflict triggers, and transhumance routes in the region.

The Mapping presently includes data from SLF Phase I (January to June 2019) to be updated with data from on-going phases on a regular basis.


[1] Through deployment of Peace Keeping Forces (PKF) or Formed Police Units FMU)

[2] Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), International Organization on Migration (IOM), UN Development Programme (UNDP), UN Population Fund (UNFPA), UN Habitat, UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR), UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), UN Women, World Food Programme (WFP), and World Health Organization (WHO).

[3] See the link to the JTAP

[4] Covering strategic decisions and actions that cut across the mission’s mandate and are key to determining the follow-on UN engagement in the country. Its articulate support by the Mission to the Transitional Government of Sudan around political transitional, including the ongoing peace talks in Juba.

[5] Covering transition measures to be put in place to ensure protection of civilians in areas of UNAMID deployment, ensuring safe and unhindered humanitarian access as well as safety and security of humanitarian personnel and activities.

[6] Covering implementation of programmatic work under the peacebuilding through SLFs in the four Darfur states (North, South, East and West) as well as work under the peacekeeping area (Jebel Marra region) undertaken by UNAMID substantive sections including the police. It also covers preparatory work for the future UN’s support, post UNAMID’s, the UN support to the DDS refresh process, how the UNCT will as well as resource mobilization for peacebuilding through PBF etc.

[7]  Covering issues related to UNAMID human resource plan in view of the downsizing exercise,  the asset disposal plans, archiving & records / data management-concept, medical service issues post-Mission exit from Darfur  and last but not least, issues related to security reliance on UNAMID by UN AFPs and how this will be handled post UNAMID departure.

[8] Ensuring common messaging around transition, a joint UNCT/UNAMID Communication Strategy has been developed and all transition messages. 

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UN State Liaison Functions concludes training on Gender Based Violence for GoS Police Officers and Social Workers in North Darfur

 https://bit.ly/2TJ3Ikl

UN SLFs organize capacity building training workshop for Sudanese female police officers in North Darfur

https://bit.ly/36yzohm

UN State Liaison Functions call for immediate review of land tenure policies during a Darfur Land Conference held in north Darfur

https://bit.ly/2ZJjJe2

UN State Liaison Functions organizes training on "Fair trial standards" for district court judges in South Darfur

https://bit.ly/3d6xE1m

UN SLFs conduct training on human rights for rural courts judges and native administration in South Darfur

https://bit.ly/2zAJ5zY

UN SLFs organizes vocational skills training for at-risk youth in Tawila locality, North Darfur

https://bit.ly/2TKa1UE

UN State Liaison Functions provide Human Rights training to Sudan Police in North Darfur

https://bit.ly/3d6yn2A

UN State Liaison Functions conduct workshop on justice delivery for victims of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) in West Darfur

https://bit.ly/2ZTEnbt

UN State Liaison Functions conduct training on human rights for GoS police in South Darfur

https://bit.ly/3delpA8

 

United Nations State Liaison Functions train Government of Sudan police officers in West Darfur

https://bit.ly/2XxHovb

 

  1. UN State Liaison Functions train district court judges in North Darfur
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https://bit.ly/3gvygQ6

United Nations State Liaison Functions conclude training for Sudanese prisons officers in East Darfur

https://bit.ly/2XyZJIj