DDR Mandate and Role
UNAMID Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Section, in coordination with the UN Development Programme and UNICEF, supports technically and logistically the Government of Sudan in the planning an implementation of the Darfur DDR Programme. This Programme is designed based on the Final Security Arrangements’ provisions of the Darfur Peace Agreement (DPA) signed in May 2006 and the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur (DDPD) adopted in July 2011 by the Sudanese Government and Liberation and Justice Movement (LJM).
In 2008, the Darfur Security Arrangements Implementation Commission commenced the disarmament exercise of the movements who signed the Declaration of Commitment to the DPA as part of the integration of the ex-combatants into the National Security Institutions. As a result of the disarmament exercise and the need to address those who do not qualify for integration, the Sudan DDR Commission started the demobilization of that group in 2009.
As with the DDPD, the verification exercise of the elements of the LJM carried out on March 2012 will provide the basis and caseload to be addressed.
Learn more: What is DDR?
The Sudan Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Commission (SDDRC) was formed to implement the DDR process in North Sudan at the state and local levels. It was created following the establishment - by Presidential decree - of the National DDR Coordination Council in 2006, which is mandated to oversee the DDR process at the highest policy level. The SDDRC (now being re- christened as the Sudan DDR Commission or the SDDRC) now leads the design and implementation of DDR in Sudan
UNDP is the lead development agency in the country, empowering people across Sudan to achieve sustainable peace and development. Its strategic interventions aim to develop the capacity of institutions, civil society, and communities to help them consolidate peace, prevent more conflicts, and build a better life. In partnership with national and international development partners, they are promoting an environment that fosters democratic governance, enhances human security, reduces poverty and diseases, empowers women, ensures environmental sustainability, and contributes to achieving the Millennium Development Goals by 2015.
UNAMID DRR is working closely with UNDP, rendering technical advice and logistical support to the Community Security and Small Control Arms (CSAC) Programme, Reintegration Opportunity Mapping and Quick Impact Projects.
In collaboration with government, non-governmental and community partners, UNICEF-supported activities aim to bring Sudan back on track to attain the Millennium Development Goals and the commitments of the Millennium Declaration. This entails Health, Nutrition, Water Sanitation &Igyiene, Basic Education, Child Protection, HIV/AIDS and Darfur Emergency Programme.
Adult Demobilization/Discharge and Child DDR Programme
Recognizing the challenges associated with the partial nature of the DPA, UNAMID provided technical assistance, logistics and other material support to the SDDRC DDR and the discharge exercises of the Declaration of Commitment signatories, while at the same time preparing the ground for the larger DDR programme in anticipation of the comprehensive peace agreement.
As at July 2011, the interim DDR exercise led by the Darfur Security Arrangements Implementation Commission and SDDRC have resulted in the process of 4,028 ex-combatants (from Sudanese Armed Forces, Popular Defense Forces, Justice and Equality Movement/ Peace Wing, Sudanese Liberation Army (SLA)/ Free Will, SLA/ Mother Wing, SLA/ Peace Faction, and SLA/ Mustafa Terab groups).
UNAMID in collaboration with Sudan Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration Commission (SDDRC), Ministry of Social Welfare and UNICEF also supported the formal release of children associated with armed movement. The figure brings to total of 1,041 children associated with the armed movement released and demobilized across the three states of Darfur.
Public Information and Sensitization
DDR Section has formulated and is implementing with the partners a comprehensive communication strategy, as part of a wide sensitization campaign across Darfur on the DDR and CSAC process.
Community-based Labour Intensive Projects
As a complementary programme to DDR and Community Security Arms Control, Community Based Labour Intensive Projects (CLIPs) is designed to address the needs of youth and other vulnerable groups at risk of being mobilized into armed movements and criminal groups due to lack of education, employment and basic life skills.
CLIPs include labour intensive, income generating, skills training, peace-building and reconciliation activities across Darfur. The target groups will acquire a variety of livelihood and life skills to improve their employability and social integration and will be engaged in rebuilding their fragile communities along with other community members, leading to a substantial reduction of violence and conflict in the targeted localities.
The project is also intended to stimulate and provide a platform for respective state government and locality structures to launch similar projects in other areas in Darfur.
The main goal of CLIPs is to bolster peace building initiatives through adoption of peaceful livelihoods activities and promotion of socially responsible behaviour among at risk youth and vulnerable communities to reduce violence and preserve security.
CLIPs are participatory and promote inclusively and community ownership. The targeted communities will be involved directly at all stages of project implementation.
More about DDR activities:
DDR Highlights Bulletin - April 2012 (PDF)
DDR Highlights Bulletin - December 2011 (PDF)
DDR Highlights Bulletin - September 2011 (PDF)
DDR Highlights Bulletin - June 2011 (PDF)
DDR Highlights Bulletin - February 2011 (PDF)
Photos of DDR activities in Darfur